31 December 2003
Happy New Year! As we have reported previously, several new laws take effect on January 1, 2004.1
Three new laws that are most important and warrant your close attention concern security deposits, habitability, and contracts in foreign languages.
SB 90 (Torlakson) amends Section 1950.5 of the California Civil Code, relating to security deposits. The law continues to require owners to provide accountings on deductions from security deposits within 21 days of the tenant's departure from the unit. Additional key changes are:
* Owners must provide receipts to prove the cost of deductions.
* Owners can make good faith estimates of costs when work reasonably cannot be completed and paid for within 21 days. Receipts must be given within 14 days after the owner receives them.
* Owners can deduct for in house or self-labor, but they must make an accounting of time spent and amounts charged.
* No receipts are required if the total deduction is in the amount of $125 or less. However, after receiving the accounting, a tenant may request receipts.
* A tenant may waive the right to receipts.
* Owners and management companies that buy in bulk and use in house labor may prove the cost of bulk purchases in a reasonable way.
* Accountings of security deposits and refunds are to be mailed to the tenant at the tenant's forwarding address if it has been provided to the owner. If not, the owner must send the itemization addressed to the tenant at the unit that the tenant has departed.
AB 647 (Nunez) amends Section 1942.4 of the California Civil Code and Section 1174.21 of the Code of Civil Procedure, relating to habitability and attorneys fees. This law addresses situations where the landlord fails to timely repair serious violations of the health and safety code.
* Owners may not demand, accept, or increase rent, or serve a three-day notice when all of the following conditions exist prior to the landlord's demand or notice:
1. A housing inspector, after inspecting the property has determined that the premises are in violation of Sections 1941 and 17920.10 and .3 of the Health and Safety Code2
2. The owner has been served notice that the defective conditions exist
3. The owner has not abated the conditions within 35 days, except for good cause, and
4. The tenant has not caused, by an act or omission, the defective conditions or prevented repairs.
If the owner attempts to evict a tenant when all of the above listed conditions exist prior to issuance of a three-day notice and unlawful detainer, a court may award attorneys fees, in an amount to be determined by the Court, to the prevailing tenant.
AB 309 (Chu) amends Section 1632 of the California Civil Code, relating to contracts in foreign languages. It provides:
* An owner who negotiates a lease/rental agreement primarily in Spanish, Chinese, Tagalog, Vietnamese, or Korean, must provide a contract (lease/rental agreement) translated in that language.
Owners who are unable to provide contracts in foreign languages should not negotiate in foreign languages.
Association Sponsored Legislation
The association is sponsoring legislation to address a threat to vacancy decontrol. It has recently come to our attention that some rent control jurisdictions are applying a new test for when owners may increase the rent when original tenants depart and replacement tenants are allowed into the unit. Essentially, they are requiring the owner to show that the departing tenant has sublet or assigned the unit to the new tenant. If not, the owner may not increase the rent despite the fact that all of the original tenants have departed.
The requirements create two types of problems. If the unit is sublet, the original tenant retains the right to reenter the unit and may not have permanently ceased occupancy of the unit. This can be interpreted to mean that a vacancy has not occurred under the Costa Hawkins vacancy decontrol law.
Also, when a tenant vacates, the tenant has no interest in assigning rights to a new tenant. Frequently, the departing tenant and the new tenant are strangers to one another. Imposing an assignment requirement is very difficult.
The effect of these requirements is to allow tenants to hand units down from one to another without the owner ever having the right to make rent adjustments. The Costa Hawkins Act clearly did not intend this result.
The association has instructed us to look into legislation to fix these problems. We plan to make it clear that whenever the original occupants depart, the owner may adjust the rent to new tenants and to tenants who continue to occupy the property (i.e. replacement tenants who took occupancy after the original tenants took occupancy).
We will provide more information on this and other new legislation in the coming months. For more detail on these and other laws being considered, please visit www.themcconnellgroup.com.
( This article is copyrighted and cannot be republished without the consent of the author.
1 Please see October and November Sacramento Reports
2 (These are serious violations that exist to an extent that endangers the life, limb, health, property, safety, or welfare of the public or the occupants of the dwelling. See Section 1942.4 (1))